The words inequality and inequity are often used interchangeably in health yet there are important differences in their meaning.7
Health inequality refers to the health status of individuals or groups not being equal (eg, young adults tend to be healthier than elderly adults).7
If the difference is considered preventable, unfair, or due to bias in the way a group is treated, it is described as a health inequity (eg, Māori people generally have poorer health outcomes than non-Māori).7
Equality can be achieved by giving everyone the same amount of care.
Equity can be achieved by giving more care to those who need it.
Health inequities in the detection and management of diabetes and its associated health outcomes are significant concerns in New Zealand.